Technical textile industry

Technical textile sector is one of the most emerging and inventive industries of the world. It secures fifth place in the world for being one of the sectors which has high potential of growth in the textile industry. The technical textile industry is successful because of the fact that it continuously develops innovative textiles, fabrics that can be used for various purpose, and create yarns that have multi-utility and useful in almost all types of industries.

In the domestic market of India, this industry is gaining popularity due its versatility, durability and cost-effectiveness. New innovations take place everyday therefore; in future the industry is expected only to strengthen. The number of different technical textiles produced in India has been growing gradually.

The annual growth rate of technical textiles is around 4% globally as compared to home and apparel textile which is around 1% per year. In India, technical textile is a valuable part of textile industry which is rapidly growing. According to the reports, in the eleventh Five Year Plan this sector has recorded a growth rate of 11% annually.

However, the 12th Five Year Plan predicts an annual growth rate of 20% for this industry. It is estimated to do a business of $36 billion by 2016-17, whereas its market was of $13 billion. The industry is growing mainly because of the business skill of the Indian industrialist plus the government aid for increasing the investment in this area.

In future, with growth in the income there will be an increase in the disposable income spent on technical textiles by the consumers. Market development support for export sales is necessary for the domestic technical textile firm to grow. Some technical textiles need support from the government or user industries while some are required to follow defined instructions.

This article comes from fibre2fashion edit released

Technical Textiles for Agriculture and Fishing Applications

Textiles textiles have long been used in agriculture and fishing to protect, gather and store products. Today, modern materials and constructions have helped to increase the strength, lightness and durability of traditional products, as well as open up completely new markets.

Agriculture and fishing applications represent the sixth biggest market for technical textiles, although growth is relatively slow. This is partly because textile usage is dominated by yarn and monofilament products in relatively mature applications such as ropes, twine, and fishing nets and line. Another reason is that traditional materials are being replaced by products which have a lower textile content in terms of volume. However, the potential for growth is higher in materials for specialised applications such as equipment for fish farming and nonwovens for agriculture and horticulture.

Synthetic materials – especially polypropylene – have made considerable inroads into this market sector, although traditional materials remain significant where biodegradability is important. Also, modern textile materials have opened up possibilities for innovation in crop protection and shading, including floating covers, capillary nonwovens, and textiles incorporating fertilisers, pesticides, superabsorbent polymers and seeds.

This article comes from textilesintelligence edit released

Technical Textile Markets

Four times a year, Technical Textile Markets provides an overview of the global man-made fibre, nonwoven and technical textile industries. It provides market data and analysis of new and established markets for technical textiles, and is essential reading for senior executives in (or supplying) the man-made fibre, nonwoven and technical textile sectors – as well as for those who are not involved in the industry on a day-to-day basis, but who need an authoritative source which helps them to quickly gain an understanding of the key issues facing the companies which are actively involved in this fast-growing sector.

So whether you are involved in man-made fibres, nonwovens or technical textiles – in manufacturing, converting, import/export, or end use – or if you are in education or consultancy or investment or finance – a subscription to Technical Textile Markets will tell you what you need to know about the key trends in the industry.

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Advances in Technical Textile Technology

Advances in Technical Textile Technology provides comprehensive coverage of technical textile materials available for commercial use and how to explore the full potential of new technical textile technology. Includes the latest on state-of-the-art technology for technical textile applications direct from the companies and research institutes at the forefront of the latest research programs.

Each issue covers materials developments, new processes and equipment, safety and protection, testing and standards, environmental issues, together with new patents and international industry and market news.

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Applications Of Technical Textile

Applications of technical textile products can be explained depending upon its classification as follow:

1. Agro Tech

Technical textile has extensively used in food production mostly by the fishing industry in the form of nets & ropes. But also used by agriculture and horticulture for a variety of covering & protection application. In agriculture base industry knitted, woven & non-woven products are used for wind and hail protection. Polyethylene sheets are laid on the ground for weed control. Altra high molecular weight polyethylene (Dyneema & Spectra) are finding their way in fishing, mainly due to its light weight & ultra strong strength.

2. Build Tech

Technical textiles are used in many ways in the construction of building both permanent & temporary phase. Dams, bridges, tunnels & roads in this structures technical textiles are used extensively. Temporary structures such as tents are most obvious and visible application of technical textile. Initially, these products were used to be heavy cotton fabric but nowadays cotton is replaced by lighter, rot proof, strong, UV-proof, weatherproof synthetic material.In Japan, carbon fibers are used as reinforced fibers for earth quick prone building.

3. Cloth Tech

This category includes fibers, yarns & textiles used as technical components in the manufacturing of clothing such as sewing thread, interlinings, wadding and insulations etc. other products used in clothing are press canvas, zipper used in trousers, buttons, cuff & collar canvas. Also, some decorative products used in women’s & kids garments like lace, embroidery etc. are included in this category.

4. Geo Tech

Geotextiles are generally used for four applications i.e. separation, filtration, drainage & reinforcements. The wide use of geotextiles is under the structure of road due to which life of road increases. Geotextile is also used for preservation of riverbanks, coastal protection, dams, water canals etc. geotextile is also used under the structure of railway tracks as a shock absorber in order to improve the life of railway tracks.

5. Home Tech

Technical textile products which are included under home tech are door mats, curtains, sofa covers, carpets, filters used in domestic vacuum cleaners etc. It also includes bedsheets, pillow covers, beds etc. textile materials are also used for filtration of tea granules, flour of wheat, etc.

6. Indu Tech

This includes textiles used in industrial products such as filters, conveyor belts etc. priorly cotton materials are used for this purpose but nowadays cotton replaced by synthetic materials. It is reinforced in printed circuit boards (PCB) for better workability. These are also used as different seals and gaskets. The driving belts are used for transmission of drive in various machinery.

7. Medi-Tech

The largest use of textile is for hygienic application such as wipes, baby diapers, sanitary napkins etc. These applications account for over 23% of all non-woven production.

The other sophisticated textile material used in medical are artificial ligaments, skin replacements, hollow fibers used for dialysis, artificial levers etc. even with the help of tissue engineering human organ can be grown with the help of textile fibers.

8. Mobi Tech

The products range from carpeting of a vehicle, tyre cords, air bags etc. Composite reinforcements are used for manufacturing civil and military aircraft bodies, wings, and engine components etc. The textile fabric is used as acoustic material in the silencer of vehicles. It is more helpful in vehicle air conditioners for filtration purpose. Carbon composite materials are used for manufacturing of Formula 1 racing cars, because of its light weight & high strength.

9. Oeko Tech

These includes the material used for protection of environment and ecology. The products which are used for filtration of toxic gasses and waste water filtration medias are included in it. It also includes the products which are used as acoustic material in order to reduce the noise pollution due to various causes. Also biodegradable, one time usable (use & throw material) textile materials are included in it such as non-woven jute carry bags, coverings etc.

10. Pack Tech

These includes the bags & sacks traditionally made from cotton, flax & jute but nowadays bags are made from polypropylene (pp) which is very cheap & strong. This is used for efficient handling, storage & distribution of powdered or granular material like sugar, fertilizer, cement, flour, etc.

11. Protech

The various textile materials used in the protection of human beings & their property. The various jackets used to protect harsh atmospheric conditions, bullet proof jackets and various gloves used in various industries, face masks used in chemical industry etc. are included in the protective textile. The suits of soldiers fighting in various conditions such as forest, deserts, and higher altitude snowsuits. These all fabrics will be required in camouflage properties.

12. Sports Tech

The various products used in sports application are included in it such as playing turf of hockey ground, nets used in various games like football, tennis, table tennis, basketball, hockey, etc. The sports tech also includes the different types of protective materials used in various games such as gloves, helmets, safety pads, etc. Also, the playing equipment such as rackets, balls of various games like football, tennis, cricket, volleyball, etc. the carbon fibers are used for manufacturing of frames of the bicycle, the body of formula1 racing cars, sports bikes which are stronger than metal & lighter than metal.

This article comes from textilemates edit released

World Markets for Technical Textile

A Technical textile is a textile product manufactured for non-aesthetic purposes, where function is the primary criterion.

It is a large and growing sector and supports a vast array of other industries.

Technical textiles include textiles for automotive applications, medical textiles (e.g., implants), geotextiles (reinforcement of embankments), agrotextiles (textiles for crop protection), and protective clothing (e.g., heat and radiation protection for fire fighter clothing, molten metal protection for welders, stab protection and bulletproof vests), and spacesuits).

Over all, global growth rates of technical textiles are about 4% per year greater than the growth of home and apparel textiles, which are growing at a rate of 1% per year.

In present market opportunities and in free quota system the importance of technical textile materials is increasing to accommodate the needs of requirement. Nowadays the most widely technical textile materials are used in filter clothing, furniture, hygiene medicals and construction material.

This article comes from technologytextile edit released

Introduction to Technical Textile

The definition of technical textiles adopted by the Authoritative Textile Terms and Definitionspublished by the Textile Institute is “textile materials and products manufactured primarilyfor their technical and performance properties rather than their aesthetic or decorativecharacteristics.”

“Technical textiles” is the term given to textile products manufactured for nonaestheticpurposes, where function is the primary criterion. Technical textiles consist of all those textile-based products, which are used principally for their performance, functional characteristics,technical properties, and used for non-consumer (i.e. industrial) applications rather than for theirappearance, aesthetics, and decorative characteristics.

The Technical Textile and Nonwoven Association (TTNA) of Australia defines technical andnon-woven textiles industry as a supply chain that covers the manufacture of high performanceoften customized fabrics, for various industrial users (such as the automotive, sanitation andconstruction industries) and for individuals with specialist personal use requirements (such assports and leisure equipment and clothing).

In many cases it has been replacing the conventional materials with low cost, high efficiencymaterials along with many other features. Other terms used for defining technical textiles includeindustrial textiles, functional textiles, performance textiles, engineering textiles, invisible textiles,and hi-tech textiles. Here one should note that “industrial textiles” is a category of technical textiles used as a part of an industrial process, or incorporated into final products.

The basic and main characteristic of technical textiles that differentiates it from ordinary ortraditional textiles is its purpose, i.e., functionality and performance. Technical textiles couldbe made from both natural and synthetic fibres. It can be used by both individuals for specialistpersonal use and requirements of industries. Terms such as performance textiles, functionaltextiles, engineered textiles, and high tech textiles are also used in various contexts sometimes asa substitute for the world “technical textiles”.

Technical textile can be made from natural, man-made, inorganic fibres.

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Sustainable Technical Textile Solutions

Sustainable Technical Textile Solutions is dedicated to assisting brands, retailers and industry partners implement sustainable technical textile production that is meeting quality and eco-requirements and makes more efficient use of resources. The STS programs focus on three main components: consultancy, auditing and capacity building. These are built bespoke to meet the individual requirements of every client.

We are an industry leader in providing multiple markets with technical textile solutions. Our market segments include Consumer, Industrial / Automotive, Medical and Military.

We engineer many innovative fabrics with both synthetic and natural fibers. These substrates include both circular and warp knits, regular / stretch wovens and light to heavy weight non-wovens. We can provide waterproof barrier films, coatings and multiple other finishes such as nano water resistant repellants, anti-microbial and anti-bacterial.

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Development of a process for technical textile recycling of blended fabric

A new approach of technical textile recycling is developed at ITA within the project ‘Development of a Process for Recycling of Blended Fabrics’ (PolyCotton) to address challenges in environmental protection. Each year 14-16 mio tons of PET/cotton blended fabrics are generated as wastes by the fast moving fashion industry. PET is made of fossil resources and for each kilogramme of cotton, around 10,000 litres of water is needed.

The project aims to generate staple fibre yarns of fully recycled PET staple fibres. The materials used are fabrics of blended cotton and PET staple fibre yarns. First, the cotton is removed and subsequently the PET staple fibres are opened by carding. Larger fabric/yarn remains are removed from the opened fibre material. Then recycled PET fibres are blended with virgin cotton fibres in a 50/50 ratio to identify appropriate parameters for rotor spinning. Thereafter, the PET amount is increased up to 100%.

Laboratory tests are carried out (tensile, hairiness, evenness). The new PET yarn is dyed and further processed into a knitted demonstrator (see figure). The demonstrator is evaluated with a fabric of virgin PET staple fibre yarns. The possible end applications include apparel, work wear or home technical textiles.

This article comes from itma edit released

What is Technical Textile

In the initial time of textile products manufacturing, men used to produce clothing which were required to be civilized. They used to put emphasis on decorative and aesthetic properties of clothing during manufacturing.

But, day by day their demand changed dramatically. They began to put emphasis on technical and functional properties along with decorative and aesthetic properties. So, Textile can be can be classified into two sectors according to its applications.

They are traditional and Technical Textile. The industries which produce traditional dresses, curtains, blankets, lingerie etc. products to fulfill general and aesthetic demands are called traditional Tex. industries and this sector is known as traditional Tex. sector.

On the other hand, the industries which produce products that can meet up specific demand like protection from cold, bad weather, extreme situation etc. are called technical Tex. industries. This sector is known as Technical Tex. sector.

This article comes from textile-apex edit released